What is a papule?

A papule is a type of acne and appears as a small, red bump that typically appears on the skin. It has a diameter of less than 5 millimetres and generally looks quite different from other skin lesions such as acne and cysts. While it may be tempting to pop or squeeze papules, this should be avoided as doing so can cause scarring or spread bacteria further.Papules come in many shapes and sizes depending on what caused them in the first place; for example, those caused by an insect bite are usually more circular, while those caused by an infection will usually be larger. They can also vary in colour from pink to purple and can be raised above the surface of the skin. In some cases, these lesions may become inflamed or sore to the touch; however, this is uncommon.If left untreated, papules can take anywhere from weeks to months to heal naturally. However, if they become infected with pus—which occurs when bacteria enter the lesion—they will turn into pustules that are filled with white or yellow fluid. Pustules should not be popped either, as they can lead to further infection or scarring. In order to treat papules effectively and safely, it is recommended that individuals seek professional medical advice as soon as possible. Papule acne

How do acne papules form?

Acne papules form when a comedone has become so large and bulky that it ruptures, dispersing the oil, skin cells, and bacteria into the skin tissue. This irritates the skin and causes an inflammatory response from the body. When this happens, blood vessels dilate to bring more white blood cells to fight off the bacteria. The inflammation also triggers an overflow of substances such as histamine, which further irritates the skin, resulting in redness and swelling. This is then perceived by us as a raised bump on our skin, known as an acne papule.

Acne papules Treatment

Treating papules can be quite a challenge, as they are typically small, raised bumps on the skin that cannot easily be treated with topical medications. One of the most common treatments for papules is laser therapy, which uses a focused beam of light to target and reduces the size of the papule. Other treatments may include cryotherapy, where a freezing substance is applied to the area to reduce inflammation and shrink the papule; dermabrasion, where the top layer of skin is removed with an abrasive tool or chemical peel; or surgical excision, which involves cutting away part or all of the affected area. In some cases, oral medications such as antibiotics may also be prescribed to help reduce inflammation and speed up healing. All treatment options should be discussed with a dermatologist before beginning any type of treatment. It’s important to note that papules may not completely disappear after treatment but often become less noticeable and can be managed with proper skin care, including moisturizing regularly and protecting skin from sun exposure by wearing sunscreen. 

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