sexual dysfunction

Sexual Dysfunction in Women

In every intimate relationship, sex is vital. It is a means of expressing love and affection without speaking words. This desire and many other reasons make sex very important in our lives. So, when you find it difficult to enjoy this activity, worrying is inevitable.



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Questions like "I have heard how pleasurable sex is, why don’t I enjoy it? I'm I normal?" will cloud your mind.

Incidentally, this situation may cause tension in your relationship. Also, it can make you worry a lot. It can affect your self-esteem and confidence. Sexual dysfunction is usually an awkward topic to discuss with your partner. So often, you struggle alone. But before you conclude about your sex situation, here is what sexual dysfunction is.

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What is sexual dysfunction in women?

Sexual dysfunction is a complex disorder that prevents a woman from feeling satisfied after sexual activities; it affects lots of women in Edmonton. Also, it includes experiencing difficulty during four phases of the sexual response cycle. The stages include excitement, plateau, orgasm or resolution.

Sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction prevents partners from enjoying the satisfaction from their sexual intercourse. During a phase, any difficulty experienced may hinder fulfillment. As a result, it leaves partners dissatisfied and tensed.

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What does research say?

It may surprise you to know that a large number of females experience sexual dysfunction. Alarmingly, research suggests 43% of women have a form of sexual difficulty. It is a difficult topic to discuss with their partners, so many women just endure. But the first step to solving the problem is talking about it with your partner and Doctor.


There are two causes of sexual dysfunction in women. It is either psychological or health-related/physical.

  • Psychological causes

Stress and anxiety trigger a lot of mental conditions, including sexual dysfunction. It could be due to work-related pressure, past sexual trauma or family-related problems. Also, worries about sexual performance can contribute. Others include guilt, lack of confidence, depression and other issues.

  • Health-related and physical causes

Apart from stress, some health condition causes women to have difficulties during sex. Conditions include:

  • Chronic liver failure or kidney disease
  • Neurological disease
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Menopause
  • Drug abuse and excessive use of alcohol

The side effects of some antidepressants can also affect sexual function and desire.

What are the forms of sexual dysfunction in women?

This infographic will help you to get a better understanding of types of sexual dysfunction in women

Pain after sex

True, women experience sexual problems in different ways. Also, they experience it at different stages of the sexual response cycle. So, there are four (4) forms of sexual dysfunction in females. A good understanding of the various forms can help in diagnosing sexual dysfunction.

  1. Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD)

HSDD is the absence (whether persistent or recurrent) of sexual desire. It is also the absence of sexual fantasies or sexual thoughts. The condition makes a woman lack interest in sex, which results in personal distress. A lot of factors cause HSDD. They include hormone-related changes, medical conditions, and treatments. Patients who are undergoing chemotherapy have higher tendencies of HSDD. Other contributing factors include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Career
  • Care of children and boredom from same-sex routine

For women who experience painful intercourse, sexual pain disorders may be the reason. It is in the form of recurrent or persistent pain in the genitals during sexual intercourse. The disorder is called dyspareunia.

Vaginismus is another diagnosis. It's a recurrent or persistent spasm of the muscles surrounding the vagina. A sexual pain disorder may also take the form of noncoital sexual pain disorder.

The disorder is a recurrent genital pain that's induced by noncoital sexual stimulation.

Further, a lot of underlying conditions cause these disorders. They include

  • Sexual health problems like poor vaginal lubrication or vaginal dryness
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Endometriosis
  • Ovarian cyst
  • Vaginitis and the presence of scar from surgery may be other factors


Most of the women with sexual dysfunction report pain during or after intercourse, which is referred to as dyspareunia. This sexual issue is more common than you would expect, as about 20% of women report some sort of annoying pain during their active sexual time. Unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose and treat.

Area of the pain

The problem of having pain during sex may start with deep penetration. However, it may get more often even with soft intimacy. The constant pain may make female hesitant and stressed before and during making love. Therefore, sex will be less enjoyable and become life distress. Most of the classic dyspareunia cases are reported either after giving birth or per-menopause period. However, some females report the pain from early stages in their sexual life. Moreover, it could happen only due to deep penetration or even superficial, around the labia minora.


The medical staff should investigate different reasons for pain such as an allergy to protection latex or rubber, not enough lubrication, skin disease that affects the genital area and infections. However, pain during intercourse might be classified as Vulvodynia. due to the lack of direct cause. In general, the tissue trauma associated with baby delivery is one of the most common causes. Votiva and O-shot is a good add-on treatment, regardless of the reason and classification of the


The female sexual arousal disorder prevents females from attaining orgasm. It is an inability to either reach arousal. Also, it's the inability to maintain it until completion of sexual activity. In this situation, there is no swelling, vaginal dryness, or insufficient vaginal lubrication. So the condition may be caused by anxiety,


Many women believe female orgasm is a myth because they have never experienced it. That said, this disorder is the inability of a woman to reach climax during sexual activities. Many times, this may result from inexperience. But apart from inexperience, other factors may cause this. They include:

  • Guilt
  • Anxiety
  • Past sexual trauma, sexual abuse, and a woman’s sexual inhibition may also be the problem.

How Is Sexual Dysfunction in Women diagnosed?

First, you need to speak with your doctor (or injection certified pharmacists), who will do a physical exam.

First, your doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) will examine and check the symptoms. The Doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) may perform a pelvic exam to check your Reproductive organs. Then do a pap smear to determine if there're changes in the cells of the cervix. This test will help rule out cancer. Further, your doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) may perform other medical tests. The test will rule out medical conditions that cause sexual dysfunction.

Next, your doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) will evaluate your sexual attitude and health history. All these will give the doctor an insight to identify the underlying cause. Also, your doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) will use the results to determine the right treatment plan.

Treatment options

Yes, it is possible to treat female sexual dysfunction. It involves openness to your partner and Doctor . Also, it requires teamwork between you, your Doctor (or injection certified pharmacists) and therapist. Most times, treating the underlying health-related problem treats the dysfunction. But other strategies help:

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  • Votiva and Fotona Vaginal treatment

The scientific research breakthrough made vaginal rejuvenation a possibility. Votiva uses safe radio frequency to revive the vaginal tissue and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles for better sexual life and improved bladder control

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  • Education

Most women experience sexual problems because of misconceptions. Knowing your body and how your sexual organs function helps abate fears.

Also, knowing the normal changes that come with aging help prevent anxiety. So, women can understand their body without guilt or anxiety.

  • Enhance stimulation

A simple change in sexual routine can help. Also, adding creative ways and styles can help enhance stimulation. The use of erotic books and videos and masturbation also helps.

  • Reduce pain

Partners can learn to use sex positions that give the woman control.  They can try positions that help reduce pain. A warm bath before intercourse relaxes the body. Also, the use of lubricants reduces sexual pain.

Lifestyle changes that help

In most cases, a little lifestyle change may be what you need. It can help boost your sexual response. Women have a lot to enjoy from living a healthy lifestyle. It makes a huge difference even in sexual life. There are some of the recommended changes

  • Exercise

Exercise boosts blood flows and stamina. Engaging in regular aerobic exercise will improve your mood. Further, it will help increase your sexual desire and body image. There is nothing like pumping the body up with a good workout every day.

Kegel exercise is perfect for women. It can help women with female sexual dysfunction. It's beneficial to women of every age. The training makes the muscles of the pelvic floor strong.  So it can help women reach orgasm faster. Indeed, you can perform the exercise anywhere without drawing attention.

To perform, tighten your pelvic floor muscles (like you are trying to stop urine flow). Hold for 3 seconds and relax for 3 seconds. Repeat the process for up to 10 times every time you perform the exercise. As you continue, increase the time. Continue until you reach 10 minutes of tightening and relaxing.

  • Communication

To some women, sexual dysfunction may seem embarrassing. But when women talk about it with their partners, it takes the weight off their shoulder.  Couples should learn to communicate and about everything including sex. It builds a stronger bond and connection and boosts confidence. It sets the stage for increased intimacy and fantastic sex.

  • Create time for intimacy

Sometimes, the problem is about creating time for intimacy. Most couples are so busy that they neglect their sexual life. Do you know that your sexual life is important too? So, create time and spend intimate moments. The idea of this alone increases sexual drive.

  • Spice things up

Break the routine and get creative with sex. It helps increase pleasure for partners. Change the time, the location, and the style. Try new things, it helps.

  • Give up bad habits

Habits like smoking and drug abuse kill sex drive. Give them up and enjoy better health conditions and increased sex drive.