It is not anymore a news that varieties of skin care materials and brands are currently available, with a seemingly endless flow of new and emerging products. In the course of the aging process, the face loses fat and volume while the skin loses collagen and elasticity. The aging skin becomes encircled by bony contours wrapped with thin skin, loaning a flattened and fallen appearance. Understanding the aging process is essential to achieving ideal results with skin rejuvenation procedures.
For individuals with thin skin and volume loss, firmly withdrawing the facial skin through surgical mediation may not be the best treatment. Execution of an improper surgical strategy may create a counterfeit looking, “wind burrow” appearance. Replenishing facial volume or increasing a surgical methodology with cutting edge and modern skin care technologies would be a superior approach in these patients. With the thousand years came a calculated shift in the way to deal with facial rejuvenation, from subtractive surgical methods toward added substance volume restoration techniques. Understanding the significance of volume loss to aging features has recalibrated the way in which the developing face is dealt with. While surgical mediation remains key, replenishing volume to achieve a more young appearance is at the front line of aesthetic science. Facial fillers, laser treatment, Botox, Microneedling, Threads lift and other Injectable remedial materials for soft tissue augmentation, are a perfect method for restoring facial volume and contour. Facial fillers offer to an expansive spectrum of patients, from those seeking insignificant cosmetic improvement to those seeking an effective supplement to facial surgery. As such, facial filler injections are some of the most generally performed cosmetic procedures.
The position of injectable fillers in the treatment of lines, wrinkles, and areas of volume consumption can accomplish superb aesthetic results with restricted or no downtime and without the potential bleakness of surgery. With injectable item features including advantageous treatments; speedy, dependable results; and negligible downtime, there has been an explosion in the quantity of monetarily accessible fillers. While numerous filler materials have shown promise, others have been disregarded. Numerous filler types and brands at present accessible in the United States and around the world, choosing which facial filler to use, when to use it and why can be an unpredictable process. With a solid understanding of filler products, fitting filler selection, reasonable patient selection, and legitimate injection techniques, the esthetic surgeon can expect satisfied patients with effective volume rectification. Injectable filler products are syringes containing filler agents. Their needle size is relative to the filler viscosity; the higher the viscosity, the bigger the needle lumen. The smallest fitting needle size is used to limit injection torment. High viscous agents are for the most part used for more profound defects and lower viscous fillers are perfect for superficial defects. The profundity of the injection is also vital. For superficial defects, the needle tip enters the skin superficially, however for direct defects, the level of the passage is mid to profound dermis, and for more profound defects, the needle tip enters at the level of dermal-sub cutis intersection. After injection, delicate massage is required for evenness of the infused material. A perfect filler specialist must meet criteria such as biocompatibility, and be non-antigenic, non-harmful, easy to deal with, durable, inexpensive and reversible. For the most part, filler agents are ordered into three groups, as indicated by their length: first, non-perpetual fillers, which are short-lasting fillers and they require rehashed injections after their resorption. Second, semi-changeless fillers, which last more yet they will experience some resorption as well. Third, the perpetual fillers which might be dependable with just a single injection.
Another modern skin care treatment utilized is Botox. Botox was first delivered by Allergan Inc, the USA in 1968 for the treatment of strabismus which was initially called Oculinum. At that point in 1991, Allergan Inc. renamed it Botox. As human beings grow old, the face starts creating wrinkles and barely recognizable differences. In some individuals, the impact of maturing is more unmistakable and overwhelming which give them more established appearance when contrasted with other individuals of the same age. Factors that increase wrinkles, especially in the upper face incorporate excessive redundant expression such as habits of frowning, raising the eyebrows. Different factors such as delayed sunlight exposure lead to excessive squinting prompting early improvement of lines around the eyes called crow’s feet. Thanks to the headway in prescription and discovery of new non-surgical esthetic treatments, it has turned out to be very easy to mitigate and diminish the signs of maturing by using Botox treatment.
Botox is a neuropeptide endorsed by FDA for use in esthetic treatments. These wrinkle unwinding injections have been extensively used for treating wrinkles, scarcely discernible differences and for a diminishment of overstated facial features. Millions of treatments using Botox have been performed in the USA and UK. It’s been used for treating numerous ailments for over two decades, now. Because of its property of neural restraint, Botox injections offer safe, highly effective, fast acting and easy treatment choice for an assortment of conditions not just for cosmetic treatments but rather for other distinctive medicinal conditions.
Microneedling is also a skin treatment used for the rejuvenation of various types of skins. Microneedles were first acquainted with upgrade transdermal medication conveyance by making passageways through the Stratum Corneum. It was trusted that the small length of microneedles could avert them from achieving further tissues where nervous systems are found. Subsequently, restorative practices through microneedles are almost painless. Different benefits of microneedles incorporate diminishing patient discomfort and forestalling contamination. Recently, advantages of microneedles have been stretched out to other restorative applications, for instance, blood glucose observing, bio-fluid sampling, and nearby cells treatment. Microneedles have been made with various geometries, however not every one of them can infiltrate the skin at reasonable power without breaking. This issue becomes more basic when the length of microneedles increases, especially in bio-sampling, mind examining and stimulation, and different applications where profound tissue access is required.
Microneedles are regularly required to stay connected to soft tissue for a specific timeframe so as to convey the treatment and limit harm to surrounding zone.
Polydioxanone Thread lift is essentially an effective hostile to maturing treatment that lift and tightens sagging tissue. It is an easy method to smooth wrinkles and fix sagging skin without going under the blade. Almost certainly the thread lifts and is estimated to be the biggest cosmetic pattern. The system involves inserting threads into the skin which are then pulled tight, lifting the skin and hidden muscle to make a more tightly, smoother complexion. As the threads dissolve normally, the skin starts to deliver more collagen and elastin which gives a more drawn out lasting result. The threads are inserted through a little incision in the skin so there is no scarring after treatment. Thread lifts can be used to treat various distinctive areas, from smoothing flat and vertical temple wrinkles to lifting the forehead and external eyebrow territory and restoring volume to sagging cheeks. They can also smooth lines around the mouth and fix sagging skin under the lower jaw.
In addition, Laser therapy is also a skin care treatment or skin resurfacing procedure that uses a laser to improve the outlook of the skin. It is generally categorized into 2 groups: ablative and non-ablative lasers. Ablative lasers are mostly used for the treatment of photo-damaged skins, deep rhytides, solar elastoses, uncontrollable acne, acne scars, telangiectasias and actinic keratosis. These lasers ablate the outer layers of the skin to the level of the dermis and cause thermal damage to the dermis resulting in collagen remodeling and new collagen formation which leads to smoother and firmer skin. Patients with Fitzpatrick skin type are good candidates for ablative laser resurfacing. The non-ablative laser is less aggressive and causes minimal injury to the epidermis and their side effects are less than ablative lasers. They are effective in the treatment of mild to severe rhytides. Fractional photo-thermolysis (FP) is a laser technology with decreased side effects and improved recovery time. FP therapy is done by delivering an ablative or non-ablative laser to the skin to create micro-thermal zones of injury. By this method, the normal skin is preserved and treated area is decreased which leads to improved recovery time. The surrounding unaffected follicular units and fibroblasts are responsible for rapid collagen remodeling and faster recovery time. FP is effective in the treatment of moderate to severe acne scarring and moderate to severe photo-aging.
In conclusion, the field of cosmetic surgery continues to be a rapidly changing and expanding one. Use of minimally invasive facial rejuvenation continues to increase. With the understanding of the changes that take place in aging and contribute to photo-damaged skin, technologic advances have become more science-based. Patients are aware of these changes and it has become more important than ever for surgeons to be knowledgeable about available procedures, limitations, techniques, risks, and complications. Current trends in facial rejuvenation have made a shift toward volume replacement complementing surgical advancement on the skin and mending worn out tissues.