Results of Neurotoxin injections such as Botox or Dysport
The 11 line in the glabella is the first place we express ourselves. Anger, exhaustion, and tiredness are all negative expressions frequently expressed unintentionally through their contraction. When injecting Botox or Dysport for frown lines, the corrugators, depressors supercilii, and the procerus are the main muscles to be concerned about.
Most studies have assumed that the glabellar lines behave equally in most people, with just gender (men have stronger muscles and tougher skin), age, race, sun damage, and physical activity-related variations. Injection models on the glabella with three, five, and seven injection sites spread into the corrugators, procerus, and depressor.
To achieve satisfactory, normal, and individualized outcomes with botulinum toxin treatment of the glabella, it’s important to recognize that, although people’s anatomy is identical, how they use their musculature differs. The description of glabellar contraction patterns makes it easier to identify the primary force, causing the dosage to be distributed in the affected muscles while minimizing or ignoring the muscles that aren’t used as much. The formerly prevalent contraction patterns returned after stopping the drug. As a result, botulinum toxin therapy becomes more precise, repeatable, and predictable over time.
Lines in the upper face start dynamic and then turn into static. The dynamic lines are easy to control and correct by Toxin injection. However, aging and repeated contention will result in fat atrophy and static lines if we neglect the dynamic lines.
Dr. Kamal Al-Hallaq (Ph.D.) in Pharmacy from the University of Alberta, Canada
Cosmetic Botulinum Toxin: Case No. 1073